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Publication Detail
Vps34 PI 3-kinase controls thyroid hormone production by regulating thyroglobulin iodination, lysosomal proteolysis and tissue homeostasis.
BACKGROUND: The production of thyroid hormones (T3, T4) depends on the organization of the thyroid in follicles, which are lined by a monolayer of thyrocytes with strict apico-basal polarity. This polarization supports vectorial transport of thyroglobulin for storage into, and recapture from, the colloid. It also allows selective addressing of channels, transporters, ion pumps and enzymes to their appropriate basolateral (NIS, SLC26A7 and Na+/K+-ATPase) or apical membrane domain (Anoctamin, SLC26A4, DUOX2, DUOXA2 and TPO). How these actors of T3/T4 synthesis reach their final destination remains poorly understood. The PI 3-kinase (PI3K) isoform Vps34/PIK3C3 is now recognized as a main component in the general control of vesicular trafficking and of cell homeostasis via the regulation of endosomal trafficking and autophagy. We recently reported that conditional Vps34 inactivation in proximal tubular cells in the kidney prevents normal addressing of apical membrane proteins and causes abortive macroautophagy. METHODS: Vps34 was inactivated using a Pax8-driven Cre recombinase system. The impact of Vps34 inactivation in thyrocytes was analyzed by histological, immunolocalization and mRNA expression profiling. Thyroid hormone synthesis was assayed by 125I injection and serum plasma analysis. RESULTS: Vps34cKO mice were born at the expected Mendelian ratio and showed normal growth until postnatal day 14, then stopped growing and died at around 1 month of age. We therefore analyzed thyroid Vps34cKO at postnatal day 14. We found that loss of Vps34 in thyrocytes causes: (i) disorganization of thyroid parenchyma, with abnormal thyrocyte and follicular shape and reduced PAS+ colloidal spaces; (ii) severe non-compensated hypothyroidism with extremely low T4 levels (0.75 ± 0.62 g/dL) and huge TSH plasma levels (19,300 ± 10,500 mU/L); (iii) impaired 125I organification at comparable uptake and frequent occurrence of follicles with luminal thyroglobulin but non-detectable T4-bearing thyroglobulin; (iv) intense signal in thyrocytes for the lysosomal membrane marker, LAMP-1, as well as thyroglobulin and the autophagy marker, p62, indicating defective lysosomal proteolysis, and (v) presence of macrophages in the colloidal space. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that Vps34 is crucial for thyroid hormonogenesis, at least by controlling epithelial organization, Tg iodination as well as proteolytic T3/T4 excision in lysosomes.
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