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Publication Detail
Cholesterol distribution in cells of the stria vascularis of the mammalian cochlea and some effects of ototoxic diuretics.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Forge A
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    181, 197
  • Journal:
    J Cell Sci
  • Volume:
  • Status:
  • Country:
  • Print ISSN:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Animals, Cell Membrane, Cholesterol, Cochlea, Diuretics, Ethacrynic Acid, Filipin, Freeze Fracturing, Furosemide, Gerbillinae, Guinea Pigs, Microscopy, Electron, Stria Vascularis, Tomatine
The distribution of cholesterol in cells of the stria vascularis of guinea pigs and gerbils has been investigated at the ultrastructural level by incubation of tissue in filipin, followed by freeze-fracture. Verification of results has been sought by using tomatin. It is shown that in the cell body region of the marginal cells, the apical and lateral membranes reacted intensely with both agents, but the membranes of the basal processes of the marginal cells did not respond significantly to either filipin or tomatin. On basal cell membranes, filipin-cholesterol complexes were present at a high density, even within the strands of the tight-junctional network of these cells and occasionally within the gap-junctional areas also. Complexes were present on intermediate cell membranes at a lower density than on other plasma membranes that showed a positive response. Tissue from animals that had received an ototoxic diuretic, either ethacrynic acid or furosemide, was characterized by the appearance of membrane regions with closely clustered filipin complexes, suggesting some change in cell membrane structure. At an early stage following diuretic administration, such clusters were particularly noticeable on the membranes of intermediate cells. As intercellular spaces enlarged in response to the effects of diuretics, vesicles released into the extracellular spaces appeared to be cholesterol-enriched. The results are discussed in relation to known features of the structure and function of cells in the normal stria vascularis and of the changes that follow from acute diuretic ototoxicity.
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