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Publication Detail
Characterisation of four hotdog-fold thioesterases for their implementation in a novel organic acid production system.
With increasing interest in the diverse properties of organic acids and their application in synthetic pathways, developing biological tools for producing known and novel organic acids would be very valuable. In such a system, organic acids may be activated as coenzyme A (CoA) esters, then modified by CoA-dependent enzymes, followed by CoA liberation by a broad-acting thioesterase. This study has focused on the identification of suitable thioesterases (TE) for utilisation in such a pathway. Four recombinant hotdog-fold TEs were screened with a range of CoA esters in order to identify a highly active, broad spectrum TE. The TesB-like TE, RpaL, from Rhodopseudomonas palustris was found to be able to use aromatic, alicyclic and both long and short aliphatic CoA esters. Size exclusion chromatography, revealed RpaL to be a monomer of fused hotdog domains, in contrast to the complex quaternary structures found with similar TesB-like TEs. Nonetheless, sequence alignments showed a conserved catalytic triad despite the variation in quaternary arrangement. Kinetic analysis revealed a preference towards short-branched chain CoA esters with the highest specificity towards DL-β-hydroxybutyryl CoA (1.6 × 104 M-1 s-1), which was found to decrease as the acyl chain became longer and more functionalised. Substrate inhibition was observed with the fatty acyl n-heptadecanoyl CoA at concentrations exceeding 0.3 mM; however, this was attributed to its micellar aggregation properties. As a result of the broad activity observed with RpaL, it is a strong candidate for implementation in CoA ester pathways to generate modified or novel organic acids.
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