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Publication Detail
Mechanisms of intracellular calcium regulation in adult astrocytes.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Peuchen S, Clark JB, Duchen MR
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    871, 883
  • Journal:
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Country:
    United States
  • Print ISSN:
  • PII:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Adenosine Triphosphate, Animals, Astrocytes, Calcium, Cells, Cultured, Female, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Time Factors
Microfluorimetric techniques were used to measure changes in intracellular calcium in astrocytes cultured from the forebrain of the adult rat. Application of ATP consistently raised intracellular calcium. The response persisted in the absence of extracellular calcium, but then quickly declined upon repeated agonist application. Thapsigargin abolished responses to nucleotides following depletion of the endoplasmic reticular calcium stores. Calcium release was inhibited by caffeine, but was dramatically increased through inositol phosphate receptor sensitization by the sulphydryl reagent thimerosal. Responses to repeated nucleotide applications resulted in a gradual decline of peak calcium concentrations, suggesting a (post)receptor-mediated desensitization or gradual depletion of the internal calcium stores. Subsequent application of ionomycin suggested intracellular calcium depletion as the relevant mechanism. Depletion of the internal calcium stores with ATP, ionomycin or thapsigargin failed to reveal a calcium influx pathway. These results suggest that the capacitative mechanism of calcium entry does not operate in response to nucleotide receptor activation in these cells, and that the immediate refilling of the internal calcium stores is primarily determined by re-uptake of cytosolic calcium into the endoplasmic reticulum. A complete refilling of this calcium store by extracellular calcium may be a much slower process. Control of these signal transduction pathways is crucial to the maintenance of the calcium/energy homeostasis of the adult astrocyte in the central nervous system.
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