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Publication Detail
A novel frameshift deletion in autosomal recessive SBF1-related syndromic neuropathy with necklace fibres
Abstract
© 2020, The Author(s). Objective: To identify the genetic cause of complex neuropathy in two siblings from a consanguineous family. Methods: The patients were recruited from our clinic. Muscle biopsy and whole-exome sequencing (WES) were performed. Fibroblasts cell lines from the index patient, unaffected parents, and three normal controls were used for cDNA analysis and western blot. Results: The index patient was a 29-year-old male with clinical phenotype of syndactyly, pes cavus, swallowing difficulties, vision problem, imbalance, and muscle weakness. The sibling had similar, but milder symptoms. Nerve conduction studies and electromyography of both patients suggested sensory-motor axonal neuropathy. Muscle biopsy showed a feature of necklace fibres. WES identified a novel homozygous frameshift deletion (c.5477-5478del; p.1826-1826del) in exon 40 of the SBF1 gene in the two siblings, while both parents and the unaffected sibling were heterozygous carriers. Functional analysis showed a markedly reduced level of MTMR5 protein encoded by SBF1 in the index case. The levels of MTMR5 protein in unaffected parents were similar to those found in controls. Conclusion: A novel homozygous frameshift deletion in SBF1 was identified in this family. Sensory-motor axonal neuropathy and necklace fibres in biopsy were the major features expanding the phenotypic spectrum of SBF1-related recessive syndromic neuropathy.
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Neurodegenerative Diseases
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Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
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Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
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UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
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Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
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Div of Biosciences
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Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
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