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Publication Detail
Nature-Inspired Bacterial Cellulose/Methylglyoxal (BC/MGO) Nanocomposite for Broad-Spectrum Antimicrobial Wound Dressing
Abstract
© 2020 The Authors. Published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a natural material produced by Acetobacter xylinum, widely used in wound dressings due to the high water-holding capacity and great mechanical strength. In this paper, a novel antimicrobial dressing made from BC/methylglyoxal (MGO) composite with a dip-coating method inspired by naturally antimicrobial Manuka honey is proposed, which to our best knowledge, has not yet to be reported. Characterizations by scanning electron microscope and atomic force microscopy show the interconnected nanostructure of BC and MGO and increase surface roughness of the BC/MGO composite. Thermal analysis indicates high temperature stability of both BC and BC/MGO, while compared with BC, BC/MGO exhibits slightly weaker thermal stability possibly due to reduction of hydrogen bonding and increase of crystallinity. Mechanical test confirms the strong mechanical property of BC and BC/MGO nanocomposite. From the disk diffusion antimicrobial test, the BC/MGO nanocomposite with highest MGO concentration (4%) shows great zone inhibition diameter (around 14.3, 12.3, 17.1, and 15.5 mm against Micrococcus luteus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli). Compared with other antimicrobial wound dressing composite materials, the proposed BC/MGO nanocomposite has among the greatest antimicrobial property against broad-spectrum bacteria, making it a promising antimicrobial dressing in chronic wounds care.
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Institute for Materials Discovery
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Dept of Biochemical Engineering
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