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Publication Detail
The Effect of Visual Perceptual Load on Auditory Awareness of Social vs. Non-social Stimuli in Individuals with Autism.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Tillmann J, Tuomainen J, Swettenham J
  • Publisher:
    Springer Verlag
  • Publication date:
    01/04/2021
  • Pagination:
    1028, 1038
  • Journal:
    Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
  • Volume:
    51
  • Issue:
    4
  • Status:
    Published
  • Country:
    United States
  • Print ISSN:
    0162-3257
  • PII:
    10.1007/s10803-020-04587-0
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    Attention, Auditory awareness, Autism spectrum disorder, Perceptual load, Social stimulus
Abstract
This study examined the effect of increasing visual perceptual load on auditory awareness for social and non-social stimuli in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD, nā€‰=ā€‰63) and typically developing (TD, nā€‰=ā€‰62) adolescents. Using an inattentional deafness paradigm, a socially meaningful ('Hi') or a non-social (neutral tone) critical stimulus (CS) was unexpectedly presented under high and low load. For the social CS both groups continued to show high awareness rates as load increased. Awareness rates for the non-social stimulus were reduced when load increased for the TD, but not the ASD group. The findings indicate enhanced capacity for non-social stimuli in ASD compared to TD, and a special attentional status for social stimuli in the TD group.
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