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Publication Detail
The potential of Streptococcus salivarius oral films in the management of dental caries: An inkjet printing approach
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
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  • Authors:
    Dodoo CC, Stapleton P, Basit AW, Gaisford S
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  • Journal:
    International Journal of Pharmaceutics
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  • Keywords:
    2D printing, microbiome, microbiota, orodispersible films, printed bacteria, probiotics
The use of probiotics, which can be administered in oro-dispersible films (ODFs) and have prolonged activity in the mouth was explored. ODFs made of xylitol and containing Streptococcus salivarius were formulated using inkjet printing and tested against Streptococcus mutans - a causative organism of dental caries. The testing of the prepared ODFs involved co-incubating ink-jetted formulation of S. salivarius and xylitol with S. mutans and monitoring the microbial growth kinetics in real-time using isothermal microcalorimetry and colony plate counts. Cell-free supernatants (CFS) of S. salivarius were also tested against S. mutans. The phosphate solubilisation potential of S. salivarius was also determined and found to be negative, an indication that the species will not deplete phosphate from teeth. From the tests, it was observed that the formulation reduced S. mutans population from 7.9 to 5.04-Log CFU/mL post-calorimetry (approximately 3-Log reduction) which was comparable to the 99.9% reduction expected during antimicrobial activity testing. A gradual decrease in S. mutans population was also observed with increasing of CFS of S. salivarius volumes indicative of pathogen suppression. This study demonstrates that S. salivarius can be useful in managing dental caries and ODFs of S. salivarius can be formulated easily using ink-jetting for such management.
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