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Publication Detail
Prediction of hospitalizations in systemic lupus erythematosus using the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Frailty Index (SLICC‐FI)
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Legge A, Kirkland S, Rockwood K, Andreou P, Bae S-C, Gordon C, Romero-Diaz J, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Wallace DJ, Bernatsky S, Clarke AE, Merrill JT, Ginzler EM, Fortin PR, Gladman DD, Urowitz MB, Bruce IN, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Alarcón GS, Petri M, Khamashta MA, Dooley MA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Manzi S, Zoma AA, Aranow C, Mackay M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim SS, Inanc M, van Vollenhoven RF, Jonsen A, Nived O, Ramos-Casals M, Kamen DL, Kalunian KC, Jacobsen S, Peschken CA, Askanase A, Hanly JG
  • Publisher:
  • Publication date:
  • Journal:
    Arthritis Care and Research
  • Status:
  • Country:
    United States
  • Print ISSN:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Frailty, Hospitalization, Systemic lupus erythematosus
OBJECTIVE: The Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) frailty index (FI) predicts mortality and damage accrual in SLE, but its association with hospitalizations has not been described. We estimated the association of baseline SLICC-FI values with future hospitalizations in the SLICC inception cohort. METHODS: Baseline SLICC-FI scores were calculated. The number and duration of inpatient hospitalizations during follow-up were recorded. Negative binomial regression was used to estimate the association between baseline SLICC-FI values and the rate of hospitalizations per patient-year of follow-up. Linear regression was used to estimate the association of baseline SLICC-FI scores with the proportion of follow-up time spent in hospital. Multivariable models were adjusted for relevant baseline characteristics. RESULTS: The 1549 SLE patients eligible for this analysis were mostly female (88.7%) with mean (SD) age 35.7 (13.3) years and median (IQR) disease duration 1.2 (0.9-1.5) years at baseline. Mean (SD) baseline SLICC-FI was 0.17 (0.08). During mean (SD) follow-up of 7.2 (3.7) years, 614 patients (39.6%) experienced 1570 hospitalizations. Higher baseline SLICC-FI values (per 0.05 increment) were associated with more frequent hospitalizations during follow-up (Incidence Rate Ratio 1.21; 95%CI 1.13-1.30), adjusting for baseline age, sex, corticosteroid use, immunosuppressive use, ethnicity/location, SLE disease activity index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K), SLICC/ACR damage index (SDI), and disease duration. Among patients with ≥1 hospitalization, higher baseline SLICC-FI values predicted a greater proportion of follow-up time spent hospitalized (Relative Rate 1.09; 95%CI 1.02-1.16). CONCLUSION: The SLICC-FI predicts future hospitalizations among incident SLE patients, further supporting the SLICC-FI as a valid health measure in SLE.
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