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Publication Detail
Next Steps: Sweeps 1-8, 2004-2016
  • Publication Type:
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Creators:
    Calderwood L, Henderson M
  • Publisher:
    UK Data Service
  • Date created:
  • Place of publication:
  • Identifier:
  • Series:
    LSYPE1; First Longitudinal Study of Young People in England
  • Status:
  • Version:
    15th Edition
  • OA Licence:
  • Keywords:
    Next Steps, Longitudinal Study of Young People, Centre for Longitudinal Studies
  • Notes:
    Next Steps (formerly known as the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England, LSYPE) is a major longitudinal cohort study following a nationally representative sample of nearly 16,000 people in England born in 1989-90. It was run and managed by the Department for Education with annual sweeps of data collection between 2004 and 2010. In 2013, the study was transferred to CLS and a further sweep of data collection was carried out at age 25 in 2015/2016, funded by ESRC. The data, on 7,707 cohort members who took part, was deposited with UK Data Service in June 2017. Next Steps fills the 30-year gap in the UK’s national cohort study series between the 1970 British Cohort Study and the Millennium Cohort Study. The revival of the cohort and the Age 25 Sweep represents a unique and highly significant contribution to the UK’s social science research resources. The Age 25 Sweep collected extensive information on family composition and partnerships, housing, physical and mental health, employment and labour market relations, income and debt, education and training, attitudes and political values and, social participation and identity. An exceptionally wide range of data linkage consents, spanning health, education, economics and criminal records, were also collected and the value of these data will be further enhanced through these linkages. The Age 25 Sweep is an exceptionally significant data resource, providing vital evidence for research and policy. The outstanding rigour and value of this resource has led to wide use internationally and across disciplines. The dataset has been downloaded for 645 unique projects since deposit in June 2017. Next Steps has generated around 100 publications in the period 2017-2020. Via the publications it has generated, this dataset has been a formative influence on research and policy in social sciences and education.
Next Steps, previously known as the 'Longitudinal Study of Young People in England' (LSYPE1), follows the lives of around 16,000 people born in 1989-90 in England. There have been eight sweeps of the study so far, between 2004 and 2016. The study began in 2004 and included young people in Year 9 who attended state and independent schools in England. Following the initial survey at age 13-14, the cohort members were interviewed every year until 2010, when they were aged 19-20, to map their journeys from compulsory schooling to university, training and, ultimately, entry into the labour market. The survey over the past seven sweeps (2004-2010) has thus mainly focused on the educational and early labour market experiences of young people, but also included diverse information on aspects of their lives including social participation and attitudes, risky-, crime- and anti-social behaviours, health and wellbeing, family formation, and aspirations for the future. The survey data has also been linked to the National Pupil Database (NPD) records, including cohort members' individual scores at Key Stage 2, 3 and 4. Interviews for the first four sweeps were conducted face-to-face, and young people were interviewed along with their parents. At Sweeps 5 to 7, a mixed mode approach was introduced and respondents – the young person only - could complete the interview online, over the telephone, or face-to-face. The first seven sweeps of the study (2004-2010) were funded and managed by the Department for Education (DfE). In 2013 the management of Next Steps was transferred to the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) at the UCL Institute of Education. In 2015 Next Steps was restarted, under the management of CLS, to find out how the lives of the cohort members have turned out at age 25. The eighth sweep of the study took place between August 2015 and September 2016 with the fieldwork carried out by NatCen Social Research. The Next Steps age 25 survey was aimed at increasing the understanding of the lives of the young adults growing up today, and in particular the transitions out of education and into early adult life. It maintained the strong focus on education, but the content was broadened to become a more multi-disciplinary research resource. Data was collected about cohort members' education and job training, employment and economic circumstances, housing and family life, physical and emotional health, and identity and participation. A wide range of administrative data linkage consents were collected covering health, education, economics and criminal behaviour. The collection of the data involved a sequential mixed-mode design. Participants were first invited to participate online, non-responders were then contacted by telephone and face-to-face interview afterwards. The age 25 survey sample design comprised contacting all cohort members who had ever taken part in any of the previous sweeps of the study (except those who had given a clear refusal or are ineligible). Further information for Sweep 8 of Next Steps may be found on the CLS website. Secure Access datasets: Secure Access versions of Next Steps have more restrictive access conditions than versions available under the standard End User Licence (see 'Access' section). Secure Access versions of the Next Steps include: sensitive variables from the questionnaire data for Sweeps 1-7. These are available under Secure Access SN 8656. All questionnaire data from Sweep 8 is released under End User licence. National Pupil Database (NPD) linked data at Key Stages 2, 3, 4 and 5, England. These are available under SN 7104. Linked Individualised Learner Records learner and learning aims datasets for academic years 2005 to 2014, England. These are available under SN 8577. detailed geographic indicators for Sweep 1 and Sweep 8 (2001 Census Boundaries) - available under SN 8189 and geographic indicators for Sweep 8 (2011 Census Boundaries) - available under SN 8190. The Sweep 1 geography file was previously held under SN 7104. Linked School Segregation Data for years 2003 - 2006. This will be available under SN 8662 (forthcoming). When researchers are approved/accredited to access a Secure Access version of Next Steps, the End User Licence version of the study - Next Steps: Sweeps 1-8, 2004-2016 (SN 5545) - will be automatically provided alongside. SN 5545 - Next Steps: Sweeps 1-8, 2004-2016 includes the main Next Steps survey data from Sweep 1 (age 14) to Sweep 8 (age 25). For the fifteenth edition (August 2020), data from sweeps 1 (age 14) to 7 (age 20) has been redeposited with the following updates: addition of 1,238 variables which were previously available under Secure Access conditions addition of Household Grid files from sweep 1 (age 14) to sweep 7 (age 20) and Activity History files from sweep 4 (age 17) to sweep 7 (age 20) addition of an extra user guide which provides more detail about the re-deposit, along with a re-deposit data dictionary MAIN TOPICS The content of the Next Steps Sweep 8 (Age 25 Survey) covers the following topics: Household relationships: This module included information on current relationship, previous cohabiting relationships (dating back to September 2006), children, childcare, non-resident children, non-resident parents, and other household members. Housing: This module covered current and previous housing (summary data is collected about the different addresses the study members have lived in since they were 16, if other than the parents' home). Employment: Included information about current activity, current employment, second job, prospective employment (for unemployed), activity history, employment details for first job after September 2006 (aged 16), employment support, work attitudes, and partner employment. Data on current economic activities and activity history was obtained back to the time of the last interview and no earlier than September 2006. Finance: This module captured current pay/salary main job, pay from second job, income from other jobs, partner's income, benefits, income from other sources, household income, pensions, and debt. Education and job training: The module included job training, education since previous interview/September 2006, current education, fees, and partner's education. Health and wellbeing: Included information on general health, height and weight, exercise, sleep, diet, accidents and injuries. Identity and participation: This module provided information on young people's ethnicity and religion, measures of trust, risk, patience, meritocratic beliefs, adult identity, leisure, politics, social networks and social media participation. Self-completion module: The self-completion module included data on gender identity, locus of control, overall life satisfaction, mental health, self-harm, crime and harassment, drinking and smoking behaviour, drugs, bullying, sexual behaviour, and pregnancy history. A key component of the Age 25 Survey sweep is data linkage to administrative records held about individuals by government departments. At Sweeps 1-4 information was gathered on: the young person's family background; parental socio-economic status; personal characteristics; attitudes, experiences and behaviours; attainment in education; parental employment; income and family environment as well as local deprivation; the school(s) the young person attends/has attended; the young person's post-16 plans. The questionnaires at Sweeps 5-7 consisted of two modules: Household Information Module: included questions on the young person's household situation details of any persons living with them Young Person Module: topics included demographics, attitudes to local area, activity history and current activity, jobs and training, qualifications being studied, higher education, attitudes to work and debt, childcare and caring responsibilities, young people Not in Education Employment or Training (NEET), Apprenticeships, information, advice and guidance, risk behaviours, relationships and sexuality, and own children. The additional 'Monthly Main Activity' dataset takes responses to the Activity History section of the questionnaire at Sweeps 4-7 and synthesises this information into variables that represent a monthly time series running from September 2006 (two months after the respondents completed compulsory education) until May 2010 (the first month of interviews for Sweep 7). For each of the 45 months in this period, this file contains the respondent's derived 'main' activity which is classified as one of Education, Employment, Apprenticeship/Training or Unemployed/Inactive (NEET). In order to deal with the large number of variables in the study, the dataset has been split into more manageable subsets based on the type of respondent being examined and the source of the information. More information on the composition of each sweep of the study and how to link data from different sweeps together can be found in the User Guides. Two separate User Guides are available for Sweeps 1-7 and Sweep 8. Sweep 7 weight variable: A change to the variable name and variable label has been made to the Sweep 7 weight variable W7_lsype_wt_incskip ‘Weight: All Wave 7 respondents’. The weight variable has been renamed w7finwt, with the label "Weight: W7 final weight (w6 final weight * w7 non-response weight)". This has been done in order to provide greater clarity to users on the provenance of the variable.
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