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Publication Detail
The CloudUPDRS smartphone software in Parkinson's study: cross-validation against blinded human raters.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Jha A, Menozzi E, Oyekan R, Latorre A, Mulroy E, Schreglmann SR, Stamate C, Daskalopoulos I, Kueppers S, Luchini M, Rothwell JC, Roussos G, Bhatia KP
  • Publication date:
    08/12/2020
  • Pagination:
    36
  • Journal:
    NPJ Parkinsons Dis
  • Volume:
    6
  • Issue:
    1
  • Status:
    Published
  • Country:
    United States
  • Print ISSN:
    2373-8057
  • PII:
    10.1038/s41531-020-00135-w
  • Language:
    eng
Abstract
Digital assessments of motor severity could improve the sensitivity of clinical trials and personalise treatment in Parkinson's disease (PD) but have yet to be widely adopted. Their ability to capture individual change across the heterogeneous motor presentations typical of PD remains inadequately tested against current clinical reference standards. We conducted a prospective, dual-site, crossover-randomised study to determine the ability of a 16-item smartphone-based assessment (the index test) to predict subitems from the Movement Disorder Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part III (MDS-UPDRS III) as assessed by three blinded clinical raters (the reference-standard). We analysed data from 60 subjects (990 smartphone tests, 2628 blinded video MDS-UPDRS III subitem ratings). Subject-level predictive performance was quantified as the leave-one-subject-out cross-validation (LOSO-CV) accuracy. A pre-specified analysis classified 70.3% (SEM 5.9%) of subjects into a similar category to any of three blinded clinical raters and was better than random (36.7%; SEM 4.3%) classification. Post hoc optimisation of classifier and feature selection improved performance further (78.7%, SEM 5.1%), although individual subtests were variable (range 53.2-97.0%). Smartphone-based measures of motor severity have predictive value at the subject level. Future studies should similarly mitigate against subjective and feature selection biases and assess performance across a range of motor features as part of a broader strategy to avoid overly optimistic performance estimates.
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