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Publication Detail
Pedunculopontine Nucleus Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinsonian Disorders: A Case Series.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Dayal V, Rajabian A, Jahanshahi M, Aviles-Olmos I, Cowie D, Peters A, Day B, Hyam J, Akram H, Limousin P, Hariz M, Zrinzo L, Foltynie T
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    1, 8
  • Journal:
    Stereotact Funct Neurosurg
  • Status:
  • Country:
  • PII:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Deep brain stimulation, Freezing of gait, Parkinson’s disease, Pedunculopontine nucleus, Progressive supranuclear palsy
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) has been investigated for the treatment of levodopa-refractory gait dysfunction in parkinsonian disorders, with equivocal results so far. OBJECTIVES: To summarize the clinical outcomes of PPN-DBS-treated patients at our centre and elicit any patterns that may guide future research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pre- and post-operative objective overall motor and gait subsection scores as well as patient-reported outcomes were recorded for 6 PPN-DBS-treated patients, 3 with Parkinson's disease (PD), and 3 with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Electrodes were implanted unilaterally in the first 3 patients and bilaterally in the latter 3, using an MRI-guided MRI-verified technique. Stimulation was initiated at 20-30 Hz and optimized in an iterative manner. RESULTS: Unilaterally treated patients did not demonstrate significant improvements in gait questionnaires, UPDRS-III or PSPRS scores or their respective gait subsections. This contrasted with at least an initial response in bilaterally treated patients. Diurnal cycling of stimulation in a PD patient with habituation to the initial benefit reproduced substantial improvements in freezing of gait (FOG) 3 years post-operatively. Among the PSP patients, 1 with a parkinsonian subtype had a sustained improvement in FOG while another with Richardson syndrome (PSP-RS) did not benefit. CONCLUSIONS: PPN-DBS remains an investigational treatment for levodopa-refractory FOG. This series corroborates some previously reported findings: bilateral stimulation may be more effective than unilateral stimulation; the response in PSP patients may depend on the disease subtype; and diurnal cycling of stimulation to overcome habituation merits further investigation.
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Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
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