UCL  IRIS
Institutional Research Information Service
UCL Logo
Please report any queries concerning the funding data grouped in the sections named "Externally Awarded" or "Internally Disbursed" (shown on the profile page) to your Research Finance Administrator. Your can find your Research Finance Administrator at http://www.ucl.ac.uk/finance/research/post_award/post_award_contacts.php by entering your department
Please report any queries concerning the student data shown on the profile page to:

Email: portico-services@ucl.ac.uk

Help Desk: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ras/portico/helpdesk
Publication Detail
Joint neutron/X-ray crystal structure of a mechanistically relevant complex of perdeuterated urate oxidase and simulations provide insight into the hydration step of catalysis
Abstract
© 2020 Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.. All rights reserved. Cofactor-independent urate oxidase (UOX) is an ~137 kDa tetrameric enzyme essential for uric acid (UA) catabolism in many organisms. UA is first oxidized by O2 to dehydroisourate (DHU) via a peroxo intermediate. DHU then undergoes hydration to 5-hydroxyisourate (5HIU). At different stages of the reaction both catalytic O2 and water occupy the 'peroxo hole' above the organic substrate. Here, high-resolution neutron/X-ray crystallographic analysis at room temperature has been integrated with molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the hydration step of the reaction. The joint neutron/X-ray structure of perdeuterated Aspergillus flavus UOX in complex with its 8-azaxanthine (8AZA) inhibitor shows that the catalytic water molecule (W1) is present in the peroxo hole as neutral H2O, oriented at 45° with respect to the ligand. It is stabilized by Thr57 and Asn254 on different UOX protomers as well as by an O-H∙ ∙ ∙π interaction with 8AZA. The active site Lys10-Thr57 dyad features a charged Lys10-NH3+ side chain engaged in a strong hydrogen bond with Thr57OG1, while the Thr57OG1-HG1 bond is rotationally dynamic and oriented toward the π system of the ligand, on average. Our analysis offers support for a mechanism in which W1 performs a nucleophilic attack on DHUC5 with Thr57HG1 central to a Lys10-assisted proton-relay system. Room-temperature crystallography and simulations also reveal conformational heterogeneity for Asn254 that modulates W1 stability in the peroxo hole. This is proposed to be an active mechanism to facilitate W1/O2 exchange during catalysis.
Publication data is maintained in RPS. Visit https://rps.ucl.ac.uk
 More search options
UCL Researchers
Author
Dept of Physics & Astronomy
University College London - Gower Street - London - WC1E 6BT Tel:+44 (0)20 7679 2000

© UCL 1999–2011

Search by