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Publication Detail
Proton Bunch Self-Modulation in Plasma with Density Gradient
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Braunmüller F, Nechaeva T, Adli E, Agnello R, Aladi M, Andrebe Y, Apsimon O, Apsimon R, Bachmann AM, Baistrukov MA, Batsch F, Bergamaschi M, Blanchard P, Burrows PN, Buttenschön B, Caldwell A, Chappell J, Chevallay E, Chung M, Cooke DA, Damerau H, Davut C, Demeter G, Deubner LH, Dexter A, Djotyan GP, Doebert S, Farmer J, Fasoli A, Fedosseev VN, Fiorito R, Fonseca RA, Friebel F, Furno I, Garolfi L, Gessner S, Goddard B, Gorgisyan I, Gorn AA, Granados E, Granetzny M, Grulke O, Gschwendtner E, Hafych V, Hartin A, Helm A, Henderson JR, Howling A, Hüther M, Jacquier R, Jolly S, Kargapolov IY, Kedves M, Keeble F, Kelisani MD, Kim SY, Kraus F, Krupa M, Lefevre T, Li Y, Liang L, Liu S, Lopes N, Lotov KV, Martyanov M, Mazzoni S, Medina Godoy D, Minakov VA, Moody JT, Morales Guzmán PI, Moreira M, Muggli P, Panuganti H, Pardons A, Peña Asmus F, Perera A, Petrenko A, Pucek J, Pukhov A, Ráczkevi B, Ramjiawan RL, Rey S, Ruhl H, Saberi H, Schmitz O, Senes E, Sherwood P, Silva LO, Spitsyn RI, Tuev PV, Turner M, Velotti F, Verra L, Verzilov VA, Vieira J, Welsch CP, Williamson B, Wing M, Wolfenden J, Woolley B
  • Publication date:
    31/12/2020
  • Journal:
    Physical Review Letters
  • Volume:
    125
  • Issue:
    26
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    0031-9007
Abstract
© 2020 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. We study experimentally the effect of linear plasma density gradients on the self-modulation of a 400 GeV proton bunch. Results show that a positive or negative gradient increases or decreases the number of microbunches and the relative charge per microbunch observed after 10 m of plasma. The measured modulation frequency also increases or decreases. With the largest positive gradient we observe two frequencies in the modulation power spectrum. Results are consistent with changes in wakefields' phase velocity due to plasma density gradients adding to the slow wakefields' phase velocity during self-modulation growth predicted by linear theory.
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