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Publication Detail
Memorability of photographs in subjective cognitive decline and mild cognitive impairment: implications for cognitive assessment
  • Publication Type:
    Working discussion paper
  • Authors:
    Bainbridge W, Berron D, Schütze H, Cardenas-Blanco A, Metzger C, Dobisch L, Bittner D, Glanz W, Spottke A, Rudolph J, Brosseron F, Buerger K, Janowitz D, Fliessbach K, Heneka M, Laske C, Buchmann M, Peters O, Diesing D, Li S, Priller J, Spruth EJ, Altenstein S, Schneider A, Kofler B, Teipel S, Kilimann I, Wiltfang J, Bartels C, Wolfsgruber S, Wagner M, Jessen F, Baker C, Düzel E
  • Publication date:
    05/06/2019
  • Status:
    Published
Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Impaired long-term memory is a defining feature of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). We tested whether this impairment is item-specific, limited to some memoranda whereas some remain consistently memorable.

METHODS

We conducted item-based analyses of long-term visual recognition memory. 394 participants (healthy controls (HC), Subjective Cognitive Decline (SCD), and MCI) in the multicentric DZNE-Longitudinal Cognitive Impairment and Dementia Study (DELCODE) were tested with images from a pool of 835 photographs.

RESULTS

We observed consistent memorability for images in HCs, SCDs, and MCI, predictable by a neural network trained on another healthy sample. Looking at memorability differences between groups, we identified images that could successfully categorize group membership with higher success and a substantial image reduction than the original image set.

DISCUSSION

Individuals with SCD and MCI show consistent memorability for specific items, while other items show significant diagnosticity. Certain stimulus features could optimize diagnostic assessment, while others could support memory.
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