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Publication Detail
Ex-vivo gene modification therapy for genetic skin diseases - recent advances in gene modification technologies and delivery.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Jayarajan V, Kounatidou E, Qasim W, Di W-L
  • Publication date:
  • Journal:
    Exp Dermatol
  • Status:
  • Country:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    epidermal sheet graft, gene editing, genodermatoses, keratinocyte stem cell
Genetic skin diseases, also known as genodermatoses, are inherited disorders affecting skin and constitute a large and heterogeneous group of diseases. While genodermatoses are rare with the prevalence rate of less than 1 in 50,000 - 200,000, they frequently occur at birth or early in life and are generally chronic, severe, and could be life-threatening. The quality of life of patients and their families are severely compromised by the negative psychosocial impact of disease, physical manifestations, and the lack or loss of autonomy. Currently, there are no curative treatments for these conditions. Ex-vivo gene modification therapy that involves modification or correction of mutant genes in patients' cells in-vitro and then transplanted back to patients to restore functional gene expression has being developed for genodermatoses. In this review, the ex-vivo gene modification therapy strategies for genodermatoses are reviewed, focusing on current advances in gene modification and correction in patients' cells and delivery of genetically modified cells to patients with discussions on gene therapy trials which have been performed in this area.
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