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Publication Detail
Progressive myoclonus epilepsy KCNC1 variant causes a developmental dendritopathy.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Carpenter JC, Männikkö R, Heffner C, Heneine J, Sampedro-Castañeda M, Lignani G, Schorge S
  • Publication date:
  • Journal:
  • Status:
  • Country:
    United States
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    KCNC1, KV3.1, MEAK, dendrites, dendritopathy, development, potassium channels, progressive myoclonic epilepsy
OBJECTIVE: Mutations in KCNC1 can cause severe neurological dysfunction, including intellectual disability, epilepsy, and ataxia. The Arg320His variant, which occurs in the voltage-sensing domain of the channel, causes a highly penetrant and specific form of progressive myoclonus epilepsy with severe ataxia, designated myoclonus epilepsy and ataxia due to potassium channel mutation (MEAK). KCNC1 encodes the voltage-gated potassium channel KV 3.1, a channel that is important for enabling high-frequency firing in interneurons, raising the possibility that MEAK is associated with reduced interneuronal function. METHODS: To determine how this variant triggers MEAK, we expressed KV 3.1bR320H in cortical interneurons in vitro and investigated the effects on neuronal function and morphology. We also performed electrophysiological recordings of oocytes expressing KV 3.1b to determine whether the mutation introduces gating pore currents. RESULTS: Expression of the KV 3.1bR320H variant profoundly reduced excitability of mature cortical interneurons, and cells expressing these channels were unable to support high-frequency firing. The mutant channel also had an unexpected effect on morphology, severely impairing neurite development and interneuron viability, an effect that could not be rescued by blocking KV 3 channels. Oocyte recordings confirmed that in the adult KV 3.1b isoform, R320H confers a dominant negative loss-of-function effect by slowing channel activation, but does not introduce potentially toxic gating pore currents. SIGNIFICANCE: Overall, our data suggest that, in addition to the regulation of high-frequency firing, KV 3.1 channels play a hitherto unrecognized role in neuronal development. MEAK may be described as a developmental dendritopathy.
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Clinical & Experimental Epilepsy
Clinical & Experimental Epilepsy
Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
Neuro, Physiology & Pharmacology
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