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Publication Detail
Lights Out: Examining Sleep in Children with Vision Impairment.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Hayton J, Marshall J, Dimitriou D
  • Publisher:
    MDPI AG
  • Publication date:
    26/03/2021
  • Journal:
    Brain Sciences
  • Volume:
    11
  • Issue:
    4
  • Status:
    Published online
  • Country:
    Switzerland
  • Print ISSN:
    2076-3425
  • PII:
    brainsci11040421
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    disordered sleep, habilitation, paediatric, sleep, vision impairment
Abstract
Sleep is crucial for development across cognitive, physical, and social-emotional domains. Sleep quality and quantity impact domains of daytime functioning, attainment, and global development. Previous work has explored sleep profiles in typically developing children and children with developmental disorders such as Down syndrome and Williams Syndrome, yet there is a complete absence of published work regarding the sleep profiles of children with vision impairment aged 4-11 years. This is the first known study that examines the sleep profiles in children with vision impairment (n = 58) in comparison to 58 typically developing children (aged 4-11 years) in the UK. Sleep was measured using the Childhood Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ; parental report), actigraphy and sleep diaries. Results showed group differences in subjective CSHQ scores but not objective actigraphy measures. Surprisingly, the findings revealed disordered sleep (namely, poor sleep quantity) in both groups. Discordance between CSHQ and actigraphy measures could represent heightened awareness of sleeping problems in parents/caregivers of children with vision impairment. The implications of this study extend beyond group comparison, examining disordered sleep in 'typically developing' children, exploring the potential role of light perception and the importance of sleep quality and quantity in both groups.
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