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Publication Detail
Following Guidelines for Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis: “Yes, it’s a challenge”
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Gray AT, Wood CE, Boyles T, Luedtke S, Birjovanu G, Hughes J, Kostkova P, Esmail H
  • Publisher:
    Frontiers Media SA
  • Publication date:
    11/03/2021
  • Journal:
    Frontiers in Tropical Diseases
  • Volume:
    2
  • Status:
    Published
Abstract
BackgroundDrug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is a major contributor to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) globally and is projected to be responsible for up to a quarter of AMR-associated deaths in the future. Management of DR-TB is increasingly decentralised to primary healthcare settings, and simultaneously becoming more complex due to a growing range of treatment options (e.g. novel agents, shorter regimens). This is reflected in the numerous recent updates to international guidelines and as such understanding the barriers and enablers to how healthcare workers access and use guidelines is vital.Materials and MethodsWe used an established psychological framework – the theoretical domains framework (TDF) – to construct and analyse an online survey and focus groups to explore healthcare workers current use of DR-TB guidelines in South Africa. We aimed to identify barriers and enablers with which to direct future attempts at improving guideline use.ResultsThere were 19 responses to the online survey and 14 participants in two focus groups. 28% used the most up-to-date national guidelines, 79% accessed guidelines primarily on electronic devices. The TDF domains of ‘Social Influences’ (mean Likert score = 4.3) and ‘Beliefs about Consequences’ (4.2) were key enablers, with healthcare workers encouraged to use guidelines and also recognising the value in doing so. ‘Environmental Resources’ (3.7) and ‘Knowledge’ (3.3) were key barriers with limited, or variable access to guidelines and lack of confidence using them being notable issues. This was most noted for certain subgroups: children, HIV co-infected, pregnant women (2.7).DiscussionCurrent use of DR-TB guidelines in South Africa is suboptimal. Planned interventions should focus on overcoming the identified key barriers and might include an increased use of digital tools.
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