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Publication Detail
The Association Between Personality Disorder Traits and Suicidality Following Sudden Bereavement: A National Cross-Sectional Survey
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Zabihi S, Jones R, Moran P, King M, Osborn D, Pitman A
  • Publisher:
    Guilford Press
  • Publication date:
    01/12/2021
  • Pagination:
    1, 19
  • Journal:
    Journal Of Personality Disorders
  • Status:
    Published
  • Country:
    United States
  • Print ISSN:
    0885-579X
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    bereavement, personality disorder, personality traits, suicidal ideation, suicide attempt
Abstract
Personality disorder is associated with increased risk of suicidal behavior. The authors aimed to investigate the association between number of personality disorder traits and suicidality risk following sudden bereavement. A secondary analysis of cross-sectional data on 3,167 young adults in the United Kingdom who had experienced sudden bereavement investigated the association between number of traits (measured using a standardized screening instrument) and postbereavement suicide attempt and suicidal ideation. Using multivariable logistic regression, the authors found a linear relationship between number of traits and suicide attempt (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.36, 95% CI [1.23, 1.49]) and suicidal ideation (AOR = 1.31, 95% CI [1.25, 1.38]) following bereavement. This represented an increase in odds by 36% and 31%, respectively, for each additional personality trait. The authors suggest that individuals with a greater number of traits suggestive of a personality disorder diagnosis are at increased risk of suicidality after a negative life event.
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