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Publication Detail
Enforcement of Labour Regulation and the Labour Market Effects of Trade: Evidence from Brazil
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Ponczek V, Ulyssea G
  • Publisher:
    Oxford University Press (OUP)
  • Publication date:
    01/01/2022
  • Pagination:
    361, 390
  • Journal:
    The Economic Journal
  • Volume:
    132
  • Issue:
    641
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    0013-0133
  • Language:
    en
Abstract
Abstract How does enforcement of labour regulations shape the labour market effects of trade? We combine local economic shocks generated by the unilateral trade liberalisation in Brazil and enforcement variation across regions to show that regions with stricter enforcement observed: (i) lower informality; (ii) larger losses in overall employment; (iii) greater reductions in the number of formal plants. Regions with weaker enforcement experienced opposite effects. All these effects are concentrated on low-skill workers. Our results indicate that greater flexibility introduced by informality allows both formal firms and low-skill workers to cope better with adverse labour market shocks.
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