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Publication Detail
Tremor and dysmetria in multiple sclerosis: A neurophysiological study
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Alusi SH, Macerollo A, Mackinnon CD, Rothwell JC, Bain PG
  • Publication date:
    01/01/2021
  • Journal:
    Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
  • Volume:
    11
  • Issue:
    1
  • Status:
    Published
Abstract
Objective: The mechanisms contributing to the pathogenesis of tremor and/or dysmetria in multiple sclerosis (MS) are poorly understood. Abnormal oscillations within the olivo-cerebello-thalamo-cortical networks are believed to play an important part in tremor aetiology, but could also contribute to intention dysmetria due to disruptions in motor timing. Conversely, delayed central motor conduction times are a common feature of ataxias, but could also contribute to the expression of dysmetria in MS. This study examined the roles of central conduction delays in the manifestation of tremor and/or dysmetria in MS. Methods: Twenty-three individuals with MS participated: 8 with no movement disorder, 6 with tremor, 4 with pure dysmetria and 5 with both tremor and dysmetria. Median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the motor cortex and cervical spine, stretch reflexes were used assess sensory and motor conduction times. Results: Central, but not peripheral, sensory conductions time were significantly delayed in participants with dysmetria, regardless of the presence of tremor. Similarly, the TMS evoked muscles responses and the long-latency component of stretch reflexes were significantly delayed in those with dysmetria, but not pure tremor. Conclusion: Dysmetria in MS is associated with delays in central conduction of sensory or motor pathways, or both, likely leading to disruption of muscle activation timing and terminal oscillations that contribute to dysmetria. Significance: The presence of dysmetria in MS is associated with decreased conduction velocities in central sensory and/or motor pathways likely reflects greater demyelination of these axons compared to those with no movement disorder or pure tremor.
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