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Publication Detail
Flexible and directional fibre optic ultrasound transmitters using photostable dyes
All-optical ultrasound transducers are well-suited for use in imaging during minimally invasive surgical procedures. This requires highly miniaturised and flexible devices. Here we present optical ultrasound transmitters for imaging applications based on modified optical fibre distal tips which allow for larger transmitter element sizes, whilst maintaining small diameter proximal optical fibre. Three optical ultrasound transmitter configurations were compared; a 400 μm core optical fibre, a 200 μm core optical fibre with a 400 μm core optical fibre distal tip, and a 200 μm core optical fibre with a 400 μm core capillary distal tip. All the transmitters used a polydimethylsiloxane-dye composite material for ultrasound generation. The material comprised a photostable infra-red absorbing dye to provide optical absorption for the ultrasound transduction. The generated ultrasound beam profile for the three transmitters was compared, demonstrating similar results, with lateral beam widths <1.7 mm at a depth of 10 mm. The composite material demonstrates a promising alternative to previously reported materials, generating ultrasound pressures exceeding 2 MPa, with corresponding bandwidths ca. 30 MHz. These highly flexible ultrasound transmitters can be readily incorporated into medical devices with small lateral dimensions.
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Dept of Med Phys & Biomedical Eng
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