UCL  IRIS
Institutional Research Information Service
UCL Logo
Please report any queries concerning the funding data grouped in the sections named "Externally Awarded" or "Internally Disbursed" (shown on the profile page) to your Research Finance Administrator. Your can find your Research Finance Administrator at https://www.ucl.ac.uk/finance/research/rs-contacts.php by entering your department
Please report any queries concerning the student data shown on the profile page to:

Email: portico-services@ucl.ac.uk

Help Desk: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ras/portico/helpdesk
Publication Detail
Anthropometrics and fat mass, but not fat-free mass, are compromised in infants requiring parenteral nutrition after neonatal intestinal surgery.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Children with intestinal failure (IF) receiving long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) have altered body composition (BC), but data on BC changes from start of PN onwards are lacking. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess growth and BC in infants after neonatal intestinal surgery necessitating PN and at risk for IF, and to explore associations with clinical parameters. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study in infants after intestinal surgery. IF was defined as PN-dependency for > 60 days. Standard deviation scores (SDS) for anthropometry were calculated until 6 months corrected age. In a subgroup, fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) were measured with air-displacement plethysmography at 2- and 6-months corrected age. SDS for length-adjusted FM index and FFM index were calculated. Associations between cumulative amount of PN and BC parameters were analyzed with linear mixed-effect models. RESULTS: Ninety-five neonates were included (54% male, 35% born < 32 weeks). Thirty-nine infants (41%) had IF. Studied infants had compromised anthropometric parameters during follow-up. At 6 months corrected age, they remained smaller (median weight-for-age SDS -0.9 [interquartile range -1.5, 0.1], P < 0.001) than the normal population. In 57 infants, 93 BC measurements were performed. FM index SDS was lower than in healthy infants at 2- and 6-months corrected age (-0.9 [-1.6, -0.3], P < 0.001 and -0.7 [-1.3, 0.1], P = 0.001, respectively), but FFM index SDS did not differ. A higher cumulative amount of PN predicted higher FM index in female infants but lower FM index in male infants. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of infants receiving PN after intestinal surgery, compromised anthropometrics, decreased FM and adequate FFM were observed during the first 6 months. Male and female infants seemed to respond differently to PN when it comes to FM index. Continuing growth monitoring after 6 months of age is strongly recommended, while further research should explore the benefit of incorporating ongoing BC monitoring during follow-up.Clinical Trial Registration: Dutch Trial Register NTR6080, https://www.trialregister.nl/trial/5892.
Publication data is maintained in RPS. Visit https://rps.ucl.ac.uk
 More search options
UCL Researchers
Author
Population, Policy & Practice Dept
Author
Population, Policy & Practice Dept
University College London - Gower Street - London - WC1E 6BT Tel:+44 (0)20 7679 2000

© UCL 1999–2011

Search by