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Publication Detail
Comonadic semantics for guarded fragments
  • Publication Type:
  • Authors:
    Abramsky S, Marsden D
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  • Published proceedings:
    Proceedings - Symposium on Logic in Computer Science
  • Volume:
  • ISBN-13:
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  • Name of conference:
    LICS 2021
  • Print ISSN:
In previous work ([1], [2], [3]), it has been shown how a range of model comparison games which play a central role in finite model theory, including Ehrenfeucht-Fraïssé, pebbling, and bisimulation games, can be captured in terms of resource-indexed comonads on the category of relational structures. Moreover, the coalgebras for these comonads capture important combinatorial parameters such as tree-width and tree-depth.The present paper extends this analysis to quantifier-guarded fragments of first-order logic. We give a systematic account, covering atomic, loose and clique guards. In each case, we show that coKleisli morphisms capture winning strategies for Duplicator in the existential guarded bisimulation game, while back-and-forth bisimulation, and hence equivalence in the full guarded fragment, is captured by spans of open morphisms. We study the coalgebras for these comonads, and show that they correspond to guarded tree decompositions. We relate these constructions to a syntax-free setting, with a comonad on the category of hypergraphs.
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