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Publication Detail
Flow Separation Dynamics in Three-Dimensional Asymmetric Diffusers
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Hajaali A, Stoesser T
  • Publisher:
    SPRINGER
  • Publication date:
    19/11/2021
  • Journal:
    Flow, Turbulence and Combustion
  • Status:
    Accepted
  • Language:
    English
  • Keywords:
    Large eddy simulation, Flow separation unsteadiness, Three-dimensional asymmetric diffuser, Coherent-structures
  • Notes:
    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.
Abstract
The mean and instantaneous flow separation of two different three-dimensional asymmetric diffusers is analysed using the data of large-eddy simulations. The geometry of both diffusers under investigation is based on the experimental configuration of Cherry et al. (Int J Heat Fluid Flow 29(3):803–811, 2008). The two diffusers feature similar area ratios of AR=4.8 A R = 4.8 and AR=4.5 A R = 4.5 while exhibiting differing asymmetric expansion ratios of AER=4.5 A E R = 4.5 or AER=2.0 A E R = 2.0 , respectively. The Reynolds number based on the averaged inlet velocity and height of the inlet duct is approximately Re=10,000 Re = 10,000 . The time-averaged flow in both diffusers in terms of streamwise velocity profiles or the size and location of the mean backflow region are validated using experimental data. In general good agreement of simulated results with the experimental data is found. Further quantification of the flow separation behaviour and unsteadiness using the backflow coefficient reveals the volume portion in which the instantaneous reversal flow evolves. This new approach investigates the cumulative fractional volume occupied by the instantaneous backflow throughout the simulation, a power density spectra analysis of their time series reveals the periodicity of the growth and reduction phases of the flow separation within the diffusers. The dominating turbulent events responsible for the formation of the energy-containing motions including ejection and sweep are examined using the quadrant analysis at various locations. Finally, isourfaces of the Q-criterion visualise the instantaneous flow and the origin and fate of coherent structures in both diffusers.
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Dept of Civil, Environ &Geomatic Eng
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