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Publication Detail
Development and acceptability of a brief, evidence-based Dementia Awareness for Caregivers course in low- and middle-income countries
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Stoner CR, Lakshminarayanan M, Mograbi DC, Vaitheswaran S, Bertrand E, Schimidt Brum P, Durgante H, Ferri CP, Mkenda S, Walker R, Dotchin C, Paddick S-M, Chandra M, Krishna M, Du B, Shaji KS, Fisher E, Spector A
  • Publication date:
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  • Keywords:
    Education, caregiving, dementia, intervention, stigma
  • Notes:
    This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of and attitudes towards dementia vary across countries, and for caregivers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), access to information can be challenging. There is an urgent need for brief, easily accessible and culturally appropriate educational courses for caregivers of persons with dementia, providing much needed information whilst addressing important psychological concepts such as stigma. METHODS: An international and multidisciplinary team developed Dementia Awareness for Caregivers (DAC) courses in four stages: (1) scoping review and module agreement, (2) development of an International template (DAC-International) containing a standardised process for adding information, (3) development of local DACs using a standardised format and (4) acceptability of courses in Brazil, India and Tanzania. FINDINGS: The DAC-International was developed, comprising three modules: 'What is dementia?'; 'Positive engagement' and 'Caring for someone with dementia'. Three local versions were developed from this (DAC-Brazil, DAC-India and DAC-Tanzania), where additions of country-specific information included prevalent stereotypes and the addition of culturally relevant case studies. An initial field test was conducted in each country (n = 85), which indicated acceptability to participants. CONCLUSIONS: The methods used here resulted in culturally valid and acceptable educational courses for carers of people with dementia. Future work will consist of large-scale, formal evaluations and the development of additional local courses.
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