Institutional Research Information Service
UCL Logo
Please report any queries concerning the funding data grouped in the sections named "Externally Awarded" or "Internally Disbursed" (shown on the profile page) to your Research Finance Administrator. Your can find your Research Finance Administrator at https://www.ucl.ac.uk/finance/research/rs-contacts.php by entering your department
Please report any queries concerning the student data shown on the profile page to:

Email: portico-services@ucl.ac.uk

Help Desk: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ras/portico/helpdesk
Publication Detail
Solution structure of human and mouse immunoglobulin M by synchrotron X-ray scattering and molecular graphics modelling. A possible mechanism for complement activation
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Perkins SJ, Nealis AS, Sutton BJ, Feinstein A
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    1345, 1366
  • Journal:
    Journal of Molecular Biology
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Print ISSN:
The pentameric 71-domain structure of human and mouse immunoglobulin M (IgM) was investigated by synchrotron X-ray solution scattering and molecular graphics modelling. The radii of gyration RG of human IgM Quaife and its Fc5, IgM-S, Fab′2 and Fab fragments were determined as 12.2 nm, 6.1 nm, 6.1 nm, 4.9 nm and 2.9 nm in that order. The RG values were similar for mouse IgM P8 and its Fab′2 and Fab fragments, despite the presence of an additional carbohydrate site. The IgM scattering curves, to a nominal resolution of 5nm, were compared with molecular graphics models based on published crystallographic α-carbon co-ordinates for the Fab and Fc structures of IgG. Good curve fits for Fab were obtained based on the crystal structure of Fab from IgG. A good curve fit was obtained for Fab′2, if the two Fab arms were positioned close together at their contact with the Cμ2 domains. The addition of the Fc fragment close to the Cμ2 domains of this Fab′2 model, to give a planar structure, accounted for the scattering curve of IgM-S. The Fc5 fragment was best modelled by a ring of five Fc monomers, constrained by packing considerations and disulphide bridge formation. A position for the J chain between two Cμ4 domains rather than at the centre of Fc5 was preferred. The intact IgM structure was best modelled using a planar arrangement of these Fab′2 and Fc5 models, with the side-to-side displacement of the Fab′2 arms in the plane of the IgM structure. All these models were consistent with hydrodynamic simulations of sedimentation data. The solution structure of IgM can therefore be reproduced quantitatively in terms of crystallographic structures for the fragments of IgG. Putative C1q binding sites have been identified on the Cμ3 domain. These would become accessible for interaction with C1q when the Fab′2 arms move out of the plane of the Fc5 disc in IgM, that is, a steric mechanism exposing pre-existing C1q sites. Comparison with a solution structure for C1q by neutron scattering shows that two or more of the six globular C1q heads in the hexameric head-and-stalk structure are readily able to make contacts with the putative C1q sites in the Cμ3 domains of free IgM if the C1q armaxis angle in solution is reduced from 40 °-45 ° to 28 °. This could be the trigger for C1 activation. © 1991.
Publication data is maintained in RPS. Visit https://rps.ucl.ac.uk
 More search options
UCL Researchers
Structural & Molecular Biology
University College London - Gower Street - London - WC1E 6BT Tel:+44 (0)20 7679 2000

© UCL 1999–2011

Search by