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Publication Detail
Iodine-131 and Iodine-131-Meta-iodobenzylguanidine Dosimetry in Cancer Therapy
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Flux G, Leek F, Gape P, Gear J, Taprogge J
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    167, 177
  • Journal:
    Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Print ISSN:
Radioactive iodine was first used for the treatment of benign thyroid disease and thyroid cancer 80 years ago. I-131 mIBG was later developed for the treatment of adult and pediatric neuroendocrine tumors. Physicists were closely involved from the outset to measure retention, to quantify uptake and to calculate radiation dosimetry. As the treatment became widespread, contrasting treatment regimes were followed, either given with empirically derived fixed levels of activity or guided according to the radiation doses delivered. As for external beam radiotherapy, individualized treatments for both thyroid cancer and neuroendocrine tumors were developed based on the aim of maximizing the radiation doses delivered to target volumes while restricting the radiation doses delivered to organs-at-risk, particularly the bone marrow. The challenge of marrow dosimetry has been met by using surrogate measures, often the blood dose for thyroid treatments and the whole-body dose in the case of treatment of neuroblastoma with I-131 mIBG. A number of studies have sought to establish threshold absorbed doses to ensure therapeutic efficacy. Although different values have been postulated, it has nevertheless been conclusively demonstrated that a fixed activity approach leads to a wide range of absorbed doses delivered to target volumes and to normal organs. Personalized treatment planning is now technically feasible with ongoing multicenter clinical trials and investigations into image quantification, biokinetic modelling and radiobiology.
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