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Publication Detail
Biomarkers of plasticity for stroke recovery.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Laaksonen K, Ward NS
  • Publisher:
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    287, 298
  • Journal:
    Handbook of Clinical Neurology
  • Volume:
  • Status:
  • Country:
  • Print ISSN:
  • PII:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Biomarker, Plasticity, Stroke, Biomarkers, Humans, Neuroimaging, Neuronal Plasticity, Recovery of Function, Stroke, Stroke Rehabilitation
Stroke is the commonest cause of physical disability in the world. Our understanding of the biologic mechanisms involved in recovery and repair has advanced to the point that therapeutic opportunities to promote recovery through manipulation of post-stroke plasticity have never been greater. This work has almost exclusively been carried out in rodent models of stroke with little translation into human studies. The challenge ahead is to develop a mechanistic understanding of recovery from stroke in humans. Advances in neuroimaging techniques can now provide the appropriate intermediate level of description to bridge the gap between a molecular and cellular account of recovery and a behavioral one. Clinical trials can then be designed in a stratified manner taking into account when an intervention should be delivered and who is most likely to benefit. This approach is most likely to lead to the step-change in how restorative therapeutic strategies are delivered in human stroke patients.
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