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Publication Detail
Early and Middle Bronze Age Chronology of the Carpathian Basin Revisited: Questions Answered or Persistent Challenges?
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Staniuk R
  • Publisher:
    Cambridge University Press (CUP)
  • Publication date:
    10/2021
  • Pagination:
    1525, 1546
  • Journal:
    Radiocarbon
  • Volume:
    63
  • Issue:
    5
  • Status:
    Published
  • Language:
    English
  • Keywords:
    Bronze Age, Carpathian Basin, legacy data, radiocarbon dating, settlement archaeology
  • Notes:
    This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press for the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona
Abstract
The Early and Middle Bronze Age in the Carpathian Basin is often viewed as a long period of transition from a dispersed form of land occupation to one of increasing aggregation, ultimately resulting in the formation of tell settlements and large cemeteries. This developmental trajectory remains a legacy of early 20th century archaeology, where the similarity of material culture recovered from cemeteries and settlements was used to develop a multi-linear scheme of progression of regional chronologies tied to specific archaeological cultures. While typologically conclusive, the recent increase in the availability of radiocarbon determinations suggests that these sequences represent a priori interpretation of social development rather than empirically verified observations. In order to do so, it is necessary to re-evaluate the existing dataset in order to determine whether the formation of tells was a chronologically contemporary development and whether the regional chronological sequences are supported by independent dating.
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