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Publication Detail
Autobiographical memory style and clinical outcomes following mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT): An individual patient data meta-analysis
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Hitchcock C, Rudokaite J, Haag C, Patel SD, Smith AJ, Kuhn I, Jermann F, Ma SH, Kuyken W, Williams JMG, Watkins E, Bockting CLH, Crane C, Fisher D, Dalgleish T
  • Publisher:
    Elsevier BV
  • Publication date:
  • Journal:
    Behaviour Research and Therapy
  • Volume:
  • Article number:
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  • Keywords:
    Autobiographical memory, Cogntive therapy, Individual patient data meta-analysis, Mindfulness, Treatment response
  • Notes:
    Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
The ability to retrieve specific, single-incident autobiographical memories has been consistently posited as a predictor of recurrent depression. Elucidating the role of autobiographical memory specificity in patient-response to depressive treatments may improve treatment efficacy and facilitate use of science-driven interventions. We used recent methodological advances in individual patient data meta-analysis to determine a) whether memory specificity is improved following mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), relative to control interventions, and b) whether pre-treatment memory specificity moderates treatment response. All bar one study evaluated MBCT for relapse prevention for depression. Our initial analysis therefore focussed on MBCT datasets only(n = 708), then were repeated including the additional dataset(n = 880). Memory specificity did not significantly differ from baseline to post-treatment for either MBCT and Control interventions. There was no evidence that baseline memory specificity predicted treatment response in terms of symptom-levels, or risk of relapse. Findings raise important questions regarding the role of memory specificity in depressive treatments.
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