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Publication Detail
Enhanced Expression of TRAP1 Protects Mitochondrial Function in Motor Neurons under Conditions of Oxidative Stress
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Clarke BE, Kalmar B, Greensmith L
  • Publisher:
    MDPI AG
  • Publication date:
    04/02/2022
  • Journal:
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences
  • Volume:
    23
  • Issue:
    3
  • Article number:
    1789
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    1661-6596
  • Language:
    English
  • Keywords:
    TRAP1, motor neuron, mitochondria, oxidative stress
  • Notes:
    © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).
Abstract
TNF‐receptor associated protein (TRAP1) is a cytoprotective mitochondrial‐specific member of the Hsp90 heat shock protein family of protein chaperones that has been shown to antagonise mitochondrial apoptosis and oxidative stress, regulate the mitochondrial permeability transition pore and control protein folding in mitochondria. Here we show that overexpression of TRAP1 protects motor neurons from mitochondrial dysfunction and death induced by exposure to oxidative stress conditions modelling amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). ALS is a fatal neurodegenerative disease in which motor neurons degenerate, leading to muscle weakness and atrophy and death, typically within 3 years of diagnosis. In primary murine motor neurons, shRNAmediated knockdown of TRAP1 expression results in mitochondrial dysfunction but does not further exacerbate damage induced by oxidative stress alone. Together, these results show that TRAP1 may be a potential therapeutic target for neurodegenerative diseases such as ALS, where mitochondrial dysfunction has been shown to be an early marker of pathogenesis.
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