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Publication Detail
Delivering Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) Virtually: Developing and Field-Testing a New Framework
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Perkins L, Fisher E, Felstead C, Rooney C, Wong GHY, Dai R, Vaitheswaran S, Natarajan N, Mograbi D, Ferri CP, Stott J, Spector A
  • Publisher:
    Informa UK Limited
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    97, 116
  • Journal:
    Clinical Interventions in Aging
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Dementia, COVID-19, psychosocial intervention, telehealth
  • Notes:
    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
PURPOSE: This feasibility and pilot study aimed to develop and field-test a 14-session virtual Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (vCST) programme for people living with dementia, developed as a result of services moving online during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The vCST protocol was developed using the existing group CST manual, through stakeholder consultation with people living with dementia, caregivers, CST group facilitators and dementia service managers. This protocol was then field-tested with 10 groups of people living with dementia in the Brazil, China (Hong Kong), India, Ireland and the UK, and feedback on the protocol was gathered from 14 facilitators. RESULTS: Field testing in five countries indicated acceptability to group facilitators and participants. Feedback from these groups was used to refine the developed protocol. The final vCST protocol is proposed, including session materials for delivery of CST over videoconferencing and a framework for offering CST virtually in global settings. CONCLUSIONS: vCST is a feasible online intervention for many people living with dementia. We recommend that it is offered to those unable to access traditional in-person CST for health reasons, lack of transport or COVID-19 restrictions. Further research is needed to explore if participant outcomes are comparable to in-person CST groups.
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