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Publication Detail
Surrogate-based fragility analysis and probabilistic optimisation of cable-stayed bridges subject to seismic loads
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Franchini A, Sebastian W, D'Ayala D
  • Publication date:
    01/04/2022
  • Journal:
    Engineering Structures
  • Volume:
    256
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    0141-0296
Abstract
The lack of computationally efficient, probabilistic performance-based design strategies for cable-stayed bridges hinders their optimal design in seismic regions. Thus, this paper proposes the implementation of parameterised fragility functions (PFFs) for the surrogate-based sensitivity analysis and performance-based optimisation of these structures. In particular, PFFs are exploited to define computationally efficient decision variables and four optimisation strategies that aim to optimise the probability of seismic damage and the direct losses related to the seismic repair cost. To illustrate this overall strategy, a 542 m three-span cable-stayed bridge is considered. The ability to predict dynamic behaviour is improved by using the measured dynamic response of the reference cable-stayed bridge to inform the numerical model's architecture. Then, key design variables of tower and cable cross-sections are selected for optimisation. The sensitivity analysis shows conflicting demands placed upon design variables by different decision variables (e.g. damage probability and the sum of construction and repair costs, CRC) and the crucial importance of accounting for design variables interaction when making choices on design updating. Therefore, numerical optimisation emerges as the most efficient tool to deal with these issues. With respect to the reference structure, the proposed single-objective optimisation strategies reduced the system-level damage probability by 3.5 times, and yielded an 88% reduction of repair cost, and a 40% decrease of CRC. A Pareto-front of optimal design variables was also calculated to simultaneously optimise system damage probability and CRC.
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Dept of Civil, Environ &Geomatic Eng
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