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Publication Detail
Modelling, Analysis and Design of Optimised Electronic Circuits for Visible Light Communication Systems
  • Publication Type:
    Thesis/Dissertation
  • Authors:
    Kassem A
  • Date awarded:
    2022
  • Awarding institution:
    University College London
  • Language:
    English
Abstract
This thesis explores new circuit design techniques and topologies to extend the bandwidth of visible light communication (VLC) transmitters and receivers, by ameliorating the bandwidth-limiting effects of commonly used optoelectronic devices. The thesis contains detailed literature review of transmitter and receiver designs, which inspired two directions of work. The first proposes new designs of optically lossless light emitting diode (LED) bandwidth extension technique that utilises a negative capacitance circuit to offset the diode’s bandwidth-limiting capacitance. The negative capacitance circuit was studied and verified through newly developed mathematical analysis, modelling and experimental demonstration. The bandwidth advantage of the proposed technique was demonstrated through measurements in conjunction with several colour LEDs, demonstrating up to 500% bandwidth extension with no loss of optical power. The second direction of work enhances the bandwidth of VLC receivers through new designs of ultra-low input impedance transimpedance amplifiers (TIAs), designed to be insensitive to the high photodiode capacitances (Cpd) of large-area detectors. Moreover, the thesis proposes a new circuit, which modifies the traditional regulated cascode (RGC) circuit to enhance its bandwidth and gain. The modified RGC amplifier efficiently treats significant RGC inherent bandwidth limitations and is shown, through mathematical analysis, modelling and experimental measurements to extend the bandwidth further by up to 200%. The bandwidth advantage of such receivers was demonstrated in measurements, using several large area photodiodes of area up to 600 mm^2, resulting in a substantial bandwidth improvement of up to 1000%, relative to a standard 50 Ω termination. An inherent limitation of large area photodiodes, associated with internal resistive elements, was identified and ameliorated, through the design of negative resistance circuits. Altogether, this research resulted in a set of design methods and practical circuits, which will hopefully contribute to wider adoption of VLC systems and may be applied in areas beyond VLC.
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