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Publication Detail
Change in the incidence of Parkinson’s disease in a large UK primary care database
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Okunoye O, Marston L, Walters K, Schrag A
  • Publisher:
    Springer Science and Business Media LLC
  • Publication date:
    15/03/2022
  • Journal:
    npj Parkinson's Disease
  • Volume:
    8
  • Issue:
    1
  • Article number:
    23
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    2373-8057
  • Language:
    English
  • Notes:
    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Abstract
Parkinson’s disease (PD) has the fastest rising prevalence of all neurodegenerative diseases worldwide. However, it is unclear whether its incidence has increased after accounting for age and changes in diagnostic patterns in the same population. We conducted a cohort study in individuals aged ≥50 years within a large UK primary care database between January 2006 and December 2016. To account for possible changes in diagnostic patterns, we calculated the incidence of PD using four case definitions with different stringency derived from the combination of PD diagnosis, symptoms, and treatment. Using the broadest case definition, the incidence rate (IR) per 100,000 person years at risk (PYAR) was 149 (95% CI 143.3–155.4) in 2006 and 144 (95% CI 136.9–150.7) in 2016. In conclusion, the incidence of PD in the UK remained stable between 2006 and 2016, when accounting for age and diagnostic patterns, suggesting no major change in underlying risk factors for PD during this time period in the UK.
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