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Publication Detail
CATHe: Detection of remote homologues for CATH superfamilies using embeddings from protein language models
  • Publication Type:
    Working discussion paper
  • Authors:
    Nallapareddy V, Bordin N, Sillitoe I, Heinzinger M, Littmann M, Waman V, Sen N, Rost B, Orengo C
  • Publication date:
  • Status:
1. CATH is a protein domain classification resource that combines an automated workflow of structure and sequence comparison alongside expert manual curation to construct a hierarchical classification of evolutionary and structural relationships. The aim of this study was to develop algorithms for detecting remote homologues that might be missed by state-of-the-art HMM-based approaches. The proposed algorithm for this task (CATHe) combines a neural network with sequence representations obtained from protein language models. The employed dataset consisted of remote homologues that had less than 20% sequence identity. The CATHe models trained on 1773 largest, and 50 largest CATH superfamilies had an accuracy of 85.6+−0.4, and 98.15+−0.30 respectively. To examine whether CATHe was able to detect more remote homologues than HMM-based approaches, we employed a dataset consisting of protein regions that had annotations in Pfam, but not in CATH. For this experiment, we used highly reliable CATHe predictions (expected error rate <0.5%), which provided CATH annotations for 4.62 million Pfam domains. For a subset of these domains from homo sapiens, we structurally validated 90.86% of the predictions by comparing their corresponding AlphaFold structures with experimental structures from the CATHe predicted superfamilies.
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