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Publication Detail
Broadband-NIRS System Identifies Epileptic Focus in a Child with Focal Cortical Dysplasia—A Case Study
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Vezyroglou A, Hebden P, De Roever I, Thornton R, Mitra S, Worley A, Alves M, Dean E, Cross JH, Tachtsidis I
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  • Keywords:
    Broadband Near Infrared Spectroscopy (bNIRS), paediatric epilepsy, brain metabolism, brain injury, seizures
  • Notes:
    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Epileptic seizures are transiently occurring symptoms due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain. Previous functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) studies during seizures have focused in only monitoring the brain oxygenation and haemodynamic changes. However, few tools are available to measure actual cellular metabolism during seizures, especially at the bedside. Here we use an in-house developed multichannel broadband NIRS (or bNIRS) system, that, alongside the changes in oxy-, deoxy- haemoglobin concentration (HbO2, HHb), also quantifies the changes in oxidised cytochrome-c-oxidase Δ(oxCCO), a marker of cellular oxygen metabolism, simultaneously over 16 different brain locations. We used bNIRS to measure metabolic activity alongside brain tissue haemodynamics/oxygenation during 17 epileptic seizures at the bedside of a 3-year-old girl with seizures due to an extensive malformation of cortical development in the left posterior quadrant. Simultaneously Video-EEG data was recorded from 12 channels. Whilst we did observe the expected increase in brain tissue oxygenation (HbD) during seizures, it was almost diminished in the area of the focal cortical dysplasia. Furthermore, in the area of seizure origination (epileptic focus) ΔoxCCO decreased significantly at the time of seizure generalization when compared to the mean change in all other channels. We hypothesize that this indicates an incapacity to sustain and increase brain tissue metabolism during seizures in the region of the epileptic focus.
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Developmental Neurosciences Dept
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