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Publication Detail
Isolation of First-Trimester and Full-term Human Placental Hofbauer Cells.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Appios A, Thomas JR, McGovern N
  • Publication date:
    05/06/2021
  • Pagination:
    e4044
  • Journal:
    Bio-Protocol
  • Volume:
    11
  • Issue:
    11
  • Status:
    Published online
  • Country:
    United States
  • PII:
    e4044
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    Hofbauer cells, Macrophages, Placenta, Tissue processing
Abstract
The placenta is the crucial organ that regulates the health of both mother and fetus during pregnancy. The human placenta is composed of villous tree-like structures that embed into the maternal decidua. Within the stroma of the villi resides a population of fetally-derived macrophages, the Hofbauer cells (HBC). HBC are the only fetal immune cells found within the placenta in the steady-state and are thought to play a crucial role in placental function. From the 10th week of gestation, maternal blood flow into the intervillous space begins, resulting in the placental villi becoming bathed in maternal blood. To study HBC it is necessary to develop techniques that allow for their specific isolation and distinction from maternal blood monocytes and decidual macrophages. Here, we describe a protocol that explains step-by-step the strategy we have developed that allows the specific isolation of HBC.
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