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Publication Detail
Probing the distribution of ionic liquid mixtures at charged and neutral interfaces via simulations and lattice-gas theory
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Kobayashi T, Smiatek J, Fyta M
  • Publisher:
    Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    16471, 16483
  • Journal:
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Medium:
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  • Keywords:
    Science & Technology, Physical Sciences, Chemistry, Physical, Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical, Chemistry, Physics, PARTICLE MESH EWALD, WATER-MOLECULES, DOUBLE-LAYER, FORCE-FIELD, 1-ETHYL-3-METHYLIMIDAZOLIUM ACETATE, PROTEIN, STABILITY, DYNAMICS, CONDUCTIVITY, CAPACITANCE
Room temperature ionic liquid solutions confined between neutral and charged surfaces are investigated by means of atomistic Molecular Dynamics simulations. We study 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanamide ([EMIm]+[DCA]-) in water or dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) mixtures in confinement between two interfaces. The analysis is based on the comparison of the molecular species involved and the charged state of the surfaces. Focus is given on the influence of different water/DMSO concentrations on the microstructuring and accumulation of each species. Thermodynamic aspects, such as the entropic contributions in the observed trends are obtained from the simulations using a lattice-gas theory. The results clearly underline the differences in these properties for the water and DMSO mixtures and unravel the underlying mechanisms and inherent details. We were able to pinpoint the importance of the size and the relative permittivity of the molecules in guiding their microstructuring in the vicinity of the surfaces, as well as their interactions with the latter, i.e. the solute-surface interactions. The influence of water and DMSO on the overscreening at charged interfaces is also discussed. The analysis on the molecular accumulation at the interfaces allows us to predict whether the accumulation is entropy or enthalpy driven, which has an impact in the removal of the molecular species from the surfaces. We discuss the impact of this work in providing an essential understanding towards a careful design of electrochemical elements.
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