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Publication Detail
Reciprocal regulation between cell mechanics and ZO-1 guides tight junction assembly and epithelial morphogenesis
  • Publication Type:
    Working discussion paper
  • Authors:
    Haas A, Zihni C, Krug S, Maraspini R, Otani T, Furuse M, Honigmann A, Balda M, Matter K
  • Publication date:
    18/07/2022
  • Status:
    Published
Abstract

ABSTRACT

Formation and maintenance of tissue barriers require the coordination of cell mechanics and cell-cell junction assembly. Here, we combined methods to modulate ECM stiffness and to measure mechanical forces on adhesion complexes to investigate how tight junctions regulate cell mechanics and epithelial morphogenesis. We found that depletion of the tight junction adaptor ZO-1 regulates cytoskeletal tension at cell-matrix and cell-cell interfaces in an ECM stiffness-regulated manner, possibly via differential organisation of the actin cytoskeleton. ZO-1 depletion inhibited junction assembly and disrupted morphogenesis in an ECM stiffness-dependent manner. Both processes were rescued by inhibition of cell contractility. Although ZO-1-deficient cells could assemble functional barriers at low tension, their tight junctions remained corrupted with strongly reduced and discontinuous recruitment of junctional components. Our results thus reveal that reciprocal regulation between ZO-1 and cell mechanics controls tight junction assembly and epithelial morphogenesis, and that tension-independent roles of ZO-1 control proper junction organisation.
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