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Publication Detail
Within family influences on compliance with social distancing measures during COVID-19 lockdowns in the UK
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Aksoy O
  • Publication date:
    01/12/2022
  • Journal:
    Nature Human Behaviour
  • Print ISSN:
    2397-3374
  • Keywords:
    Compliance; COVID-19; Public Heath; Parental Influence; Quantitative Methods; Adolescents
Abstract
Compliance with public health measures of adolescents who are often unfairly portrayed as spreaders of COVID-19 is essential for containing diseases. But does adolescents’ compliance develop independently from their parents? Using nationally representative longitudinal data and cross-lagged Structural Equation Panel Models I study compliance with social distancing measures of 6,752 triplets that comprise the adolescent child (age 19), their mother, and father during two national lockdowns in the UK. Results show that adolescents have the lowest and their mothers have the highest levels of compliance, and compliance generally drops over time. Moreover, mothers, and when the child lives with their parents, fathers have significant influence on their adolescent child’s compliance. The child also influences their fathers’ compliance. The parental influence on adolescents’ compliance documented here suggests that family dynamics play a role in compliance with social distancing guidelines, which may be useful for informing future health policy.
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