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Publication Detail
Effects of Face Repetition on Ventral Visual Stream Connectivity using Dynamic Causal Modelling of fMRI data
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Lee S-M, Tibon R, Zeidman P, Yadav PS, Henson R
  • Publisher:
    Elsevier BV
  • Publication date:
  • Journal:
  • Volume:
  • Article number:
  • Status:
  • Country:
    United States
  • PII:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Dynamic Causal Modelling (DCM), Face perception, Predictive coding, Repetition suppression, Synchronization
  • Notes:
    © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. Under a Creative Commons license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Stimulus repetition normally causes reduced neural activity in brain regions that process that stimulus. Some theories claim that this "repetition suppression" reflects local mechanisms such as neuronal fatigue or sharpening within a region, whereas other theories claim that it results from changed connectivity between regions, following changes in synchrony or top-down predictions. In this study, we applied dynamic causal modelling (DCM) on a public fMRI dataset involving repeated presentations of faces and scrambled faces to test whether repetition affected local (self-connections) and/or between-region connectivity in left and right early visual cortex (EVC), occipital face area (OFA) and fusiform face area (FFA). Face "perception" (faces versus scrambled faces) modulated nearly all connections, within and between regions, including direct connections from EVC to FFA, supporting a non-hierarchical view of face processing. Face "recognition" (familiar versus unfamiliar faces) modulated connections between EVC and OFA/FFA, particularly in the left hemisphere. Most importantly, immediate and delayed repetition of stimuli were also best captured by modulations of connections between EVC and OFA/FFA, but not self-connections of OFA/FFA, consistent with synchronization or predictive coding theories, though also possibly reflecting local mechanisms like synaptic depression.
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