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Publication Detail
Disrupted effective connectivity of the default, salience and dorsal attention networks in major depressive disorder: a study using spectral dynamic causal modelling of resting-state fMRI
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Wang Y, Chen X, Liu R, Zhang Z, Zhou J, Feng Y, Zeidman P, Wang G, Zhou Y
  • Publisher:
    CMA Impact Inc.
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    E421, E434
  • Journal:
    Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Language:
  • Notes:
    © 2022 CMA Impact Inc. or its licensors. This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
BACKGROUND: Understanding the neural basis for major depressive disorder (MDD) is essential for its diagnosis and treatment. Aberrant activation and functional connectivity of the default mode network (DMN), salience network (SN) and dorsal attention network (DAN) have been found consistently in patients with MDD. However, whether effective connectivity within and between these networks is altered in MDD remains unknown. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the effective connectivity of the 3 networks in patients with MDD at rest. METHODS: We included 63 patients with MDD (35 first-episode and 28 recurrent) and 74 healthy controls, and collected resting-state functional MRI data for all participants. We defined 15 regions of interest from the 3 functional brain networks of interest using group independent component analysis. We estimated the coupling parameters that reflected the causal interactions among these regions using spectral dynamic causal modelling. We used parametric empirical Bayes to determine commonalities across groups, differences between patients with MDD and healthy controls, and differences between patients with recurrent and first-episode MDD. RESULTS: We found positive (excitatory) connections within each network, negative (inhibitory) connections from the SN and DAN to the DMN, and positive connections from the DAN to the SN across groups. Compared to healthy controls, patients with MDD showed increased positive connections within the DMN, a decreased absolute value of negative connectivity from the SN to the DMN, and increased positive connections from the SN to the DAN. We also found that patients with recurrent MDD showed remarkably different effective connections compared to patients with first-episode MDD, especially related to the DAN. LIMITATIONS: Because of the relatively small sample size and the unclear medication history of the MDD sample, the present findings are in need of replication. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that effective connectivity among high-order brain functional networks during rest was disrupted in patients with MDD. Moreover, patients with recurrent MDD exhibited different effective connections compared to patients with first-episode MDD. These differences in effective connectivity might provide new insights into the neural substrates of MDD.
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