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Publication Detail
Evaluation of Anterior and Posterior Corneal Higher Order Aberrations for the Detection of Keratoconus and Suspect Keratoconus
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Salman A, Kailani O, Marshall J, Ghabra M, Balamoun AA, Darwish TR, Badla AA, Alhaji H
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  • Pagination:
    2864, 2873
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  • Keywords:
    Scheimpflug, Sirius topography, higher-order aberrations, keratoconus suspect, sensitivity, Humans, Keratoconus, Retrospective Studies, Case-Control Studies, Coma, Corneal Topography
  • Notes:
    © 2022 by the Authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
AIM: To investigate the application of anterior and posterior corneal higher-order aberrations (HOAs) in detecting keratoconus (KC) and suspect keratoconus (SKC). METHODS: A retrospective, case-control study evaluating non-ectatic (normal) eyes, SKC eyes, and KC eyes. The Sirius Scheimpfug (CSO, Italy) analyses was used to measure HOAs of the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces. Sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were calculated. RESULTS: Two-hundred and twenty eyes were included in the analysis (normal n = 108, SKC n = 42, KC n = 70). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis revealed a high predictive ability for anterior corneal HOAs parameters: the root mean square (RMS) total corneal HOAs, RMS trefoil, and RMS coma to detect keratoconus (AUC > 0.9 for all). RMS Coma (3, ±1) derived from the anterior corneal surface was the parameter with the highest ability to discriminate between suspect keratoconus and normal eyes (AUC = 0.922; cut-off > 0.2). All posterior corneal HOAs parameters were unsatisfactory in discriminating between SKC and normal eyes (AUC < 0.8 for all). However, their ability to detect KC was excellent with AUC of >0.9 for all except RMS spherical aberrations (AUC = 0.846). CONCLUSIONS: Anterior and posterior corneal higher-order aberrations can differentiate between keratoconus and normal eyes, with a high level of certainty. In suspect keratoconus disease, however, only anterior corneal HOAs, and in particular coma-like aberrations, are of value. Corneal aberrometry may be of value in screening for keratoconus in populations with a high prevalence of the disease.
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