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Publication Detail
Surgery in the United Kingdom.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Historical Article
  • Authors:
    Ribeiro BF, Chaplin S, Peel AL, Treasure T, Leopard PJ, Jackson BT
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    1076, 1081
  • Journal:
    Arch Surg
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Country:
    United States
  • Print ISSN:
  • PII:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Education, Medical, General Surgery, History, 16th Century, History, 18th Century, History, 19th Century, History, 20th Century, History, Ancient, History, Medieval, Humans, Research, Schools, Medical, Societies, Medical, United Kingdom, Workforce
Surgery in the United Kingdom has been practiced for nearly 2000 years. It has evolved as a result of the experiences of warfare and the introduction of the scientific basis of surgery. The influence of the 4 surgical royal colleges in setting standards for training and examinations has ensured that new surgeons are equipped for independent practice as consultants. Responsibility for the National Health Service rests with the government, which determines the number of trainee surgeons in the various surgical specialties. Conflicts between service provision and training are highlighted, as are the pressures on academic institutions to meet the demands of clinical surgery. The government's National Health Service plan for England promises a major expansion in undergraduate places and an increase of 7500 consultants in all specialties by 2004. Time will tell if these changes lead to an improvement in surgical services and a reduction in waiting times.
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