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Publication Detail
A Computationally Inspired Investigation of the Solid Forms of (R)-1-Phenylethylammonium-(S)-2-phenylbutyrate
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Antoniadis CD, D'Oria E, Karamertzanis PG, Tocher DA, Florence AJ, Price SL, Jones AG
  • Publisher:
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    447, 455
  • Journal:
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Print ISSN:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    polymorph screening, X-ray powder diffraction structure refinement, crystal structure prediction, diastereomeric salts, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE PREDICTION, DISTRIBUTED MULTIPOLE, SOLVENT INCLUSION, II CARBAMAZEPINE, SALT PAIRS, DIFFRACTION, CRYSTALLIZATION, POLYMORPHISM, ACIDS
  • Addresses:
    Jones, AG
    Dept Chem Engn
    WC1E 7JE
Following the computation of a lattice energy landscape which predicted that there should be more stable, denser forms of (R)-1-phenylethylammonium-(S)-2-phenylbutyrate, crystallizations from a range of solvents were performed to search for other polymorphs and investigate the possibility that the known P4(1) structure could be a hydrate. Extensive crystallization experiments from a wide range of solvents gave fine needles or microcrystalline samples. A redetermination of the P4(1) structure by powder Xray diffraction located all protons, and in conjunction with other experimental and computational evidence showed that the structure was anhydrous. Evidence for two additional forms was found as mixtures with form I. These include an orthorhombic form, possibly a Z' = 3 polymorph, and another as yet unidentified form obtained as a minor component from dichloromethane solution. However, both these forms appear to be metastable with respect to form I (P4(1)), which is therefore probably the most thermodynamically stable form that can be crystallized from solution under ambient conditions. This determination of the solid state behavior of the less readily crystallized member of the diastereomeric salt system (R)-1-phenylethylammonium-(R/S)-2-phenylbutyrate provides a challenge to the theoretical modeling to explain its ideal resolution behavior. Chirality 22:447-455, 2010. (C) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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