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Publication Detail
In-vivo estimates of axonal characteristics using optimized diffusion MRI protocols for single fibre orientation.
  • Publication Type:
  • Authors:
    Schneider T, Wheeler-Kingshott CAM, Alexander DC
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    623, 630
  • Published proceedings:
    Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
    Pt 1
  • Status:
  • Conference place:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Algorithms, Axons, Brain, Diffusion Tensor Imaging, Humans, Image Enhancement, Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted, Imaging, Three-Dimensional, Nerve Fibers, Myelinated, Pattern Recognition, Automated, Reproducibility of Results, Sensitivity and Specificity
This work presents diffusion MR protocols that allow estimation of axonal parameters like diameter and density in the live human brain. Previous approaches demand very high field experimental systems or suffer from long acquisition times and are therefore impractical for use in clinical studies. We propose a method that significantly reduces scan time by making use of the a-priori known fibre orientation in structures with well defined single fibre (SF) organisation like the corpus callosum (CC) and produces protocols that can be performed in under 25 minutes on a standard clinical system. Results from a computer simulation experiment show that our SF protocols can generate parameter estimates with similar precision to previously proposed orientation invariant (OI) protocols. Furthermore, we acquire the 20 minute long SF protocol and the 1 hour long OI protocol in a scan/rescan study on two healthy subjects and compare the axonal parameter maps from both protocols.
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