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Publication Detail
Ammonia absorption in calcium graphite intercalation compound: in situ neutron diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and magnetization
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Srinivas G, Lovell A, Skipper NT, Bennington SM, Kurban Z, Smith RI
  • Publisher:
    ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
  • Publication date:
    2010
  • Pagination:
    6253, 6259
  • Journal:
    PHYS CHEM CHEM PHYS
  • Volume:
    12
  • Issue:
    23
  • Print ISSN:
    1463-9076
  • Language:
    EN
  • Keywords:
    ELECTRICAL-CONDUCTIVITY, EUROPIUM-AMMONIA, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, RESISTIVITY, TRANSITION, MOLECULES
  • Addresses:
    Srinivas, G
    UCL
    London Ctr Nanotechnol
    London
    WC1H 0AH
    England
Abstract
The structure and superconducting properties of ammoniated calcium-graphite intercalation compound (Ca-GIC) have been investigated using in situ time-of-flight neutron diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and magnetization studies. Ammonia absorption has been carried out by exposing preformed Ca-GIC to ammonia vapour at various pressures. Our in situ neutron diffraction data reveal a complex ammonia pressure dependent structural transformation, in which the growth of secondary ammoniated Ca-GIC phases are observed at the expense of the pristine CaC6 and graphite. The ammonia absorption is irreversible in nature, and degassing the sample at elevated temperature leads to the formation of calcium amide and hydrogen. The Raman spectroscopy and magnetization studies show that the ammonia absorption not only leads to a large stacking disorder, but it also reduces the superconducting CaC6 phase fraction. Finally, we propose a molecular stacking model which accounts for the observed ammonia absorption and concomitant structural phase transitions.
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